Front-End Development: All You Need to Know

August 14, 2021

front-end

If you’re even a bit interested in technology, you’ve probably heard of front-end development. Whether on job search websites or LinkedIn, front-end development is one of the most in-demand professions worldwide. But who exactly is a front-end developer? In this article, we’ll see what a front-end developer does and how you can become one.

 

What Is the Front-end of a Website?

The term “front-end” refers to any part of a website or application that the user can see or interact with. In front-end development, illegible codes are converted into graphical and visual content. This way, the user can easily use the various parts of a website or an application. The front-end contains forms, voices, images, videos, and any other element that is comprehensible to the user. It consists of two sections: Graphic design and user interface. Graphic design is all about how a website looks. Designers design this section using applications like Adobe Photoshop, Adobe XD, Figma, and so on. The user interface has a great impact on how users feel when using a website. In this section, the graphic design is turned into HTML, CSS, and JavaScript codes.

 

What Does a Front-end Developer Do?

A front-end developer is someone who provides users with easy interaction. They turn designs into dynamic and responsive websites. Front-end developers must create an engaging user interface for websites. Also, they should verify that the website functions properly and satisfies accessibility standards. Front-end developers ensure that the website is compatible with the most recent versions of browsers and devices. They employ a combination of design, markup languages, frameworks, and client-side scripting to create everything the user interacts with.

 

Front-end Programming Languages

Nowadays, there are many languages you can use for front-end development. But these are the most important ones: HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. HTML is the structure of a website, CSS is used for styling, and JavaScript describes the behavior of a website.

  • HTML: HTML is an abbreviation for HyperText Markup Language. It is the standard language for building Web pages. HTML is a combination of two parts: Hypertext and markup language. The link between web pages is defined by hypertext. A markup language refers to the text document included within the tags that define the structure of a web page. HTML for web pages is like a skeleton for the body which puts everything together. It defines the layout of a web page. In fact, without HTML, you can’t even add photos to a page!
  • CSS: If HTML is the skeleton, CSS is the skin. CSS is a programming language used to style HTML documents. It is an abbreviation for Cascading Style Sheets, which describes how HTML elements should be displayed on the screen. CSS saves a significant amount of time. It can control the layout of multiple web pages at the same time.
  • JavaScript: The interactivity of a web page is powered by JavaScript. JavaScript is the most common programming language on the planet. It is primarily used in web development. JavaScript is a scripting language that is lightweight, cross-platform, interpreted, and simple to learn.
  • Other: There are other languages you can use for front-end development. TypeScript, Elm and Swift are a few examples. You can evaluate the features, benefits, and drawbacks to determine the best alternative for your specific programming needs. The right language can assist you in achieving optimal development outcomes and providing better user experiences.

 

Front-end Developer Skills

We’ve established what the front-end of a website is and what programming languages are required for front-end development. Now, let’s take a look at the skills a front-end developer must have. One of the most important elements of any website is the front-end. It is the first thing a user notices. As a result, it should look nice and attractive. Considering the importance of the front-end, a front-end developer should have a wide range of skills and characteristics.

 

1. HTML, CSS and JavaScript

As previously stated, to become a front-end developer, you must be proficient in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Front-end coding is simpler than back-end coding, and there are numerous resources available online to help you along the way. Forums and online communities can also assist you with your questions.

 

2. JavaScript Frameworks

You should also be familiar with JavaScript frameworks. They provide a pre-written structure for your JavaScript code. JavaScript frameworks offer a plethora of professional features you can use. They are available in multiple configurations to meet a variety of requirements. Vue.js and Angular are two of the best JavaScript frameworks.

 

3. Graphic Design Software

If you’re trying to implement a webpage, first you should create a primary schema in graphic design software like Photoshop. User interfaces are designed using graphic design software such as Figma, Adobe XD, and others. As a result, you must be familiar with at least one of them.

 

4. Responsive Design

Nowadays, most people surf the Net using their smartphones. Therefore, you should implement a website which looks good not only on desktop but also on mobile devices. In a responsive user interface, the layout and functionality of a website change depending on the screen size. A poor user interface makes users frustrated and they’ll leave your website immediately.

 

5. Creativity

Small differences can have an enormous impact. A front-end designer should use creative and eye-catching designs for a website or an application. A good designer creates beautiful and functional user interfaces based on UI guidelines. Creativity is not confined to design. You should also be creative when it comes to problem-solving. You ought to be able to find the best way to implement a design. Moreover, you should make your code consistent with the back-end code, and troubleshoot any issues.

 

6. Other

There is no limit to the number of skills a front-end developer should have. Here are a few more essential skills for front-end programming:

  • JavaScript libraries like React and jQuery
  • CSS libraries like bootstrap
  • CSS preprocessors like Sass and Less
  • Testing and debugging
  • Version control systems
  • Cross-browser development

 

Conclusion

Nowadays, every business requires a platform to engage with its customers. A front-end programmer’s job is to design and create the platform. As a result, front-end development is a prominent field for programming careers.

 

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